Shipping has always been an international bussiness that carries both written and traditional regulations for thousand years. Ship building and owning has always been requires a strong capital supported by political power until industrial revolution. While capital was speading by merchants, they owner their ship under own registered flag administrations. Related to this, high taxes and political reasons, ship owners decided to move their registry operations to ‘flag of conveniences’.
On regulation side, flying a flag bring responsibilities for flag states such as ensure the construction, equipment, seaworthiness, labour conditions, maintenance of communications and prevention of collisions. The first discussion on lack of implementation for regulations started with ships polluting seas. The Hague Memorandum in Western Europe has been became in force in 1978 just after the ‘Amoco Cadiz’ pollution accident.
Currently, the Hague Memorandum evolved to the Paris Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) for Europe Countries. Correspondingly, other countries established their MOUs to maintain and monitor implementation of international regulations of International Maritime Organization (IMO) and International Labour Organization (ILO).
Unfortunately, because of several reasons, Port State Control cannot maintain the implementation of International Regulations accordingly. This thesis aims to reveal with the dynamics of ship inspections considering IMO Resolution A.1052(27) and Directive 2009/16/Ec Of The European Parliament And Of The Council of 23 April 2009 on port State control on ship detentions.